We talk a lot about organic fabric around here. As with everything eco-friendly, you have to be careful with what you’re purchasing. Greenwashing is becoming more and more common, and certifications can be a huge help to the savvy shopper.
One common fabric certification that we see on organic cotton is GOTS….but what does this certification mean?
GOTS stands for Global Organic Textile Standard, and according to the GOTS website companies seeking this certification have to meet a number of different requirements for criteria covering “production, processing, manufacturing, packaging, labeling, exportation, importation and distribution of all natural fibre products.”
Since GOTS is an internationally-recognized certification, you’ll probably see it on a lot of the organic fabrics, yarns, and clothing that you run across, and it’s definitely a trustworthy label. Here are some of the specific requirements:
- The material must be at least 95% organic, as certified by “recognised international or national standards.” If the material is 70% organic, it can be labeled as “made with organic.”
- The material needs to be processed separately from conventionally-grown fiber.
- Inputs like dyes and oils need to be biodegradable and free of harsh chemicals like phthalates, PVC, synthetic sizing agents, and chlorine bleach, and they must keep full records of any chemical inputs to their manufacturing process.
- The fiber cannot come from a genetically modified organism.
- Facilities must maintain minimum fair labor practices from the International Labor Organization.
- Farmers and producers need to be certified, and those certifiers have to be accredited GOTS or hold an internationally recognized accreditation.
- Fabric and products must meet high standards for residue testing.
GOTS updated their guidelines in 2008, raising the environmental requirements and adding the rules about fair labor. Leather and leather products are not eligible for GOTS certification.
Looking for a particular GOTS-certified product? They now have a handy public database where you can do just that based on all sorts of search criteria!
Image Credit: Creative Commons photo by theogeo
[h/t Natural Home Magazine]